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Italics Mine Turabian Bibliography

Newspaper Articles

Newspaper articles retrieved from a database are cited as shown in the main box above.

Newspaper articles viewed on paper, microfilm, and websites should not be included in the reference list. Cite them only in the parenthetical references in the text. Include only the author, article title, newspaper title, date, and - for websites - the date you looked at it. Do not include the page numbers or URL. If you incorporate some of the citation information into your text, then only the remaining information needs to be included in the parentheses.

  • (Sarah Lyall, "To Boldly Go Where Shakespeare Calls," New York Times, January 27, 2008, accessed April 10, 2013)

However, the newspaper's magazine section and weekend supplements should be treated as if they were regular magazines, so the page numbers (if available) should be included - but only the specific pages that you used, not the page range of the entire article. See the example for magazine articles below.



Magazine Articles

Magazine articles retrieved from a database are cited as shown in the main box above.

Magazine articles viewed on paper, microfilm, and websites should not be included in the reference list. Cite them only in the parenthetical references in the text. Include only the author, article title, magazine title, date, specific pages that you used (not the page range of the entire article), and - for websites - the date you looked at it. Do not include the URL. If you incorporate some of the citation information into your text, then only the remaining information needs to be included in the parentheses.

  • (John Marks, "Beethoven vs Star Trek," Stereophile, December 2011, 53, accessed April 21, 2013)



Encyclopedia Articles

Articles from lesser-known encyclopedias or encyclopedias that are not arranged alphabetically are cited as shown in the main box above.

If a well-known encyclopedia or dictionary is arranged alphabetically, do not include it in the reference list. Cite it only in the parenthetical reference in the text. Include only the title of the encyclopedia, the edition (unless it is the first), the title of the article, and the author (if there is one). Use s.v. before one-word titles and s.vv. before multiword titles. Note that none of the words in the article title are capitalized unless they are proper nouns. If you incorporate some of the citation information into your text, then only the remaining information needs to be included in the parentheses.

For well-known, alphabetically arranged online encyclopedias, include the date of publication, modification, or access; and the DOI, URL, or shortened URL.

  • (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica,15th ed., s.v."astronomy")
  • (Britannica Online Encyclopedia, Academic ed., s.v. "astronomy," by Michael Wulf Friedlander, accessed March 10, 2013, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/40047/astronomy)
  • (Wikipedia, s.vv. "timeline of Star Trek," last modified February 5, 2013, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Star_Trek)

As a general rule-of-thumb, place "(emphasis mine)" immediately after the quotation.

"As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins" (Eph. 2:1, emphasis mine). (Bowland)
Not: "Uneasy (emphasis mine) feelings, feelings of compassion ... (emphasis mine)"

Where there are many sections that you emphasized and probably extended over several sentences, or even paragraphs, you can, alternately, place it at the beginning of the quote, preferably with a terminal colon. "(emphasis mine:) Uneasy feelings, feelings of compassion ... "

When there's already an emphasized part within the quote, place "(emphasis mine)" immediately after the part that you have emphasized.

"According to the pragmatic view, the proper goal of science is to augment and order (emphasis mine) our experience." (Cory) -- The word 'augment' was already in italics in the original; 'order' is being emphasized by you.

The most common practice seems to enclose the phrase "emphasis mine" in simple parentheses: "(emphasis mine)" -- where there's a possibility of ambiguity, you can switch to square braces, "[]". However, one needs to be consistent throughout in the convention.