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Free Enron Essays

Essay about Enron: The Smartest Guys In The Room

1948 Words8 Pages

Enron’s ride is quite a phenomenon: from a regional gas pipeline trader to the largest energy trader in the world, and then back down the hill into bankruptcy and disgrace. As a matter of fact, it took Enron 16 years to go from about $10 billion of assets to $65 billion of assets, and 24 days to go bankruptcy. Enron is also one of the most celebrated business ethics cases in the century. There are so many things that went wrong within the organization, from all personal (prescriptive and psychological approaches), managerial (group norms, reward system, etc.), and organizational (world-class culture) perspectives. This paper will focus on the business ethics issues at Enron that were raised from the documentation Enron: The Smartest Guys…show more content…

The company’s stakeholders include primary groups of customers, employees, shareholders, owners, suppliers, etc. and secondary groups of community. All stakeholders have their own self-interests. While employees want secure jobs with high earnings; customers want quality products with cheap prices, which may eventually result in the company and employees’ low income. Being said that, the corporation owes all stakeholders the obligations to meet their interests. That brings in the ethical issue of conflicts of interest, one of key problems at Enron. CFO Andrew Fastow created financial partnership to hide Enron debt, from which he allegedly collected $30 million in management fees. The action obviously made Enron financial data look good, but at the same time deceived the company’s investors about the real performance. Many investors may make their investing decisions based on those false data. And that’s when the collapse begins.

Prescriptive Reasoning Approach
According to the documentation, those Enron people who faced ethical issues used different prescriptive reasoning approach to resolve their dilemma. Take Andrew Fastow as an example, he might not start all the fraudulent financial activities in the first place; however, he decided to do so in order to please the boss, when Ken Lay wanted to see neat financial disclosures. It seemed that Fastow

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Enron Scandal Essay example

1819 Words8 Pages

The Enron Scandal One of the most popular business bankruptcies and collapses known to date is that of the Enron Corporation. Enron, once known as "America's Most Innovative Company" by Fortune Magazine six straight years from 1996 to 2001. Enron seemed to be doing very well until the summer of 2001 generating a lot of cash and new businesses, but in October of 2001 Enron was forced to disclose that their accounting practices had been very creative, and failed to follow generally accepted accounting principles. Profits that had been soaring sky high were wiped away and replaced with enormous losses and charges that were never recorded properly. Unfortunately, Enron executives who were responsible for the shady accounting practices,…show more content…

Without these government oversights Enron could do as they pleased and is the reason why they became a 100-billion dollar business (Lindstrom, 2004). Enron began business in 1986 as a small pipeline company out of Houston. At that time Enron's goal was to create the first national gas pipeline. Unfortunately for Enron, the gas industry was regulated by the government, meaning they were told how much to charge for power, and profits were set a maximum. Through American-style bribery, also known as political donations, Enron was able to deregulate the gas market (Anonymous, 2004). With the help of Chief Executive Officer, Kenneth Lay, Enron was able to successfully enter into the energy market. Again, through political donations by Enron to political legislation they were able to deregulate the energy market, bringing together buyers and sellers of energy, and dominate trade contracts made possible through the use of financial instruments called derivatives (Lindstrom, 2004). "A derivative is an instrument whose value is "derived" from the underlying value of something else, such as a stock, a bond, or in the case of Enron's derivatives, a unit of electricity. Derivatives are useful because they enable an investor to hedge against a decline in value. For example, Enron could enter a contract with a purchaser of electricity, such as a utility, guaranteeing that the purchaser would pay a certain price for a certain amount of

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