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A2 History Coursework Examples Ocr

Economic Implications
Analysis of Product The good point is that it can be recycled and we can plant
Economic responsibility means, we consider economic implications of
Moral Implications Social Issues another tree whenever one is cut.
our actions, including making certain that there is an economic benefit Social responsibility means ensuring that our own and other people's Manufacturing
both to the region from which the product came and to the region in quality of life and human rights are not compromised to fulfil our All processes that uses energy in the production procedure. My
which it is marketed. expectations and demands. product uses big computer operated machineries that uses
loads of electricity to power it up, although it has a huge
Does it create jobs? Is the product really needed? Not really = bad. Useful = good negative impact, because it is wasting loads of energy, the
Developing, making, using and disposing of a new product will have an Some products do more damage than good, example if we use a product advantage is, it only uses one machine which is not needed to
impact on jobs. For example, many modern products are produced by just to throw it in under a small period of time it is usually doing more be adjusted every now and then because it is designed to do
computer controlled systems (CAM), where the outcome is the loss of damage than good. The designers of my product have not used so much the same thing on all of the wood that are needed in making
jobs for skilled workers in factories. As the product is made by cutting packaging on the products just the boxes used for it to be transported the guitar, except for painting. Furthermore, other
the body of the guitar in the accurate shape for it to sound good, from places to places, the boxes are eco friendly as well. I believe than procedures are done my hand, such as the putting the pick
this means there is not much job opportunities in the actual my product is one that is useful because it can sustain a long time guard, pick ups, to see that everything would be accurate,
production of the product as the machines do most of the work. especially because it is a musical instrument. It entertains people even for the painting. So there is still a good point in the
The only benefit is that some of the work needs to be done by hand, whenever you use it especially with other musical instruments manufacturing of the guitar.
which takes skilled workers, especially the putting of the strings accompanied by it.
and the painting of the guitar especially if it needs to be custom Distribution and sale
made. Which means the product may not be a great benefit for the Social ­ Diminishes (bad) Promotes (good) Getting the product from the factory to the place it will be used
local economy in regards to providing jobs. Different products have different degrees of sociability, like mp3s it does would have a big impact to the environment. My product is
not allow users to be sociable, when using mp3s or mp4s you don't really made in America, so the transportation distance is very
Exploitation/Fair Trade communicate with anyone while listening to it at the same time. The expensive, it has to reach UK and to be distributed to
Many products that we buy are manufactured by people who are badly electric guitar, makes you very sociable especially when you perform different shops, all of this pollutes the environment because
paid and work in very poor conditions. Although at the other end there in front of a crowd of people, you entertain them, they know you more of the transport that was used. Furthermore, the product is
are fair-traded products. Here everyone is involved and properly paid, because you play the guitar, which is very sociable indeed. As well as packaged in a cardboard box but made sure that it is stable
have safe working conditions and often some of the profits are put in it builds character, which means more socializing for people. inside with other cardboard, making the total mileage of the
the community, for health services, education or training. As the product very high.
product is manufactured in America; building the guitar needs a Basic rights and freedom
very skilful worker to complete the guitar, therefore they cannot Every person has a right to basic freedoms ­ safety, care, place to live, etc. Using the product
exploit the workers because they are only skilful workers. For that These are included in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as Using the product sometimes makes the most environmental
reason this product is not the one that exploits workers very well as right to education, for adults ­ job, fair pay, right to vote etc. As impact, such as cars and places, the fossil fuels used. My product
poorly as some others e.g. people working in very bad conditions. with any other rights, using the electric guitar, provides with different doesn't really have the pollution that cars and planes
things to do with it, such as using it to play in a gig or something for a produce, it's product life is very long because it needs to be
Use of resources job, or even just for playing it for people who needs to be lightened up used all the time especially by well known guitarist,
Many products are inefficient, where there are too much material used because they had a bad day. although some of the parts break it can easily be replaced
or too much energy or water is used in the production. Producing this with parts that you can by from your nearest high street or
other stores.
kind of products causes pollution and makes the products expensive. My Environmental Issues
product is the one that uses the resources wisely, e.g when cutting
the body of the guitar, some of the saw dust are gathered and Disposing the product
Environmental responsibility means ensuring that our actions and lifestyles
made MDF (medium density fibre board). There is definitely room Most products are thrown away and they end up in landfill sites,
don't cause the planet's resources to be used at unsustainable rates.
for improvement, especially for the machines that are on every which can cause a huge pollution. But there are other
day for a long time, that uses loads of electricity alternatives. My product are rarely thrown away its either
Sourcing Materials
smashed (by famous guitarists : Slash) or kept for
Extracting the materials needed for products has a large impact on the
Sold for a profit sentimental values especially for musicians, so it is rarely
environment, whether this is mining for oil or coal, cutting down trees in
A product that sells at less than it costs to make is not sustainable ­ thrown away. Therefore, if it is thrown away it's parts can
large areas or quarrying for stone it all has an effect on the environment.
unless it is sponsored or subsidized. Such as public transports might be easily be recycled such as the wood, or the metal parts that
My product would be made from wood, which are from trees and
subsidized to keep fares down for all passengers, which are all paid are with it.
small amount of steel and metal for its parts, the wood needed for the
from taxes. This particular product that I am studying is sold for a guitar will have a large effect on the environment because it involves
profit, it is not because they want to rip off people, its because it cutting down trees although it is a renewable material, every time a
helps them to get more materials in making more guitars, and tree is cut, a new one is planted. Furthermore, the saw dust that are
because wood are very expensive especially when they need to it wasted whenever a wood is cut, is recycled and made into MDF and
down, and sawed into a right size for the guitar. can still be used.…read more

A leading figure in history teaching has backed claims from A-level pupils that their exam marks have been unfairly lowered.

Sean Lang, author of history text books and former examiner, assessed three examples of A-level history coursework sent into BBC News Online and said examiners' decisions had been "outrageous".


This former examiner is looking at this in the light of his experience with the old A-level


OCR spokesman

History coursework submitted by Suffolk pupil, Hilary Corke, had been marked as ungraded by the OCR exam board - and as a result she risks missing out on her intended university place.

But Mr Lang, who has been a setter of exams, a senior exam moderator and former secretary of the Historical Association, said that this mark was "grossly unjust".

Although emphasising the difficulty in judging individual papers out of context, he said that her coursework should have been given either an A or B grade.

'Bizarre'

"The diplomatic way of describing the ungraded mark would be to say that it is bizarre. It is simply wrong, inaccurate. You have to question the competence of this."


She was angry, and right to be angry. It's a very serious business. Her future could depend on this. A university place could be lost - and her choices could narrow


Reverend Rod Corke, parent of A-level student

Two other examples of disputed history A-level coursework, from Tom Underwood and Duncan Whitmore, he also said deserved much higher marks than the E grades they were awarded.

And in a damning verdict, Mr Lang, said that the exam boards had shown "utter incompetence" in the problems that were coming to light over A-level marking.

"There has been some very odd and uneven marking, but there should be a system to even out such inconsistencies and to pick up erratic marking."

Full inquiry

A former head of history at a leading sixth form college, Mr Lang said that there should be a full inquiry into the current complaints.


I was offered a place at Selwyn College, Cambridge to read history, but because of the low coursework mark, I did not get the grade needed


Tom Underwood, A-level candidate

The low mark for coursework for Hilary Corke, from Felixstowe, dragged down her overall grade to a D - and her father says that she has been left feeling "helpless, disappointed and angry".

Her teachers, echoing the verdict of Mr Lang, have told her that her coursework is worth much more than ungraded.

And as other pupils at the school taking history were unexpectedly marked as ungraded, the school is appealing against the results.

'Injustice'

"She was angry, and right to be angry. It's a very serious business. Her future could depend on this. A university place could be lost - and her choices could narrow," said her father, Rod Corke, a Church of England vicar.

"We're not pushy parents. But a great injustice has been done here."

Eamonn O'Kane is concerned that individual pupils will suffer in the confusion over results

In the case of Tom Underwood, who studied at Old Swinford Hospital in Stourbridge, the E grade for coursework could cost him his university place.

"I was offered a place at Selwyn College, Cambridge to read history, but because of the low coursework mark, I did not get the grade needed. I have scored three other A-grades at A-level," Tom Underwood wrote in an e-mail to BBC News Online.

This disputed coursework has been re-marked, but the new mark is not substantially higher.

Mr Lang is unambiguous in saying that this marking is unreasonably harsh - saying that, in his opinion, a B grade would be more appropriate.

But a spokesman for the OCR board said critics were failing to take account of the fact that the new A2 exams were very different to the old A-levels.

"This former examiner is looking at this in the light of his experience with the old A-level - the new A2 is significantly harder and you have to do significantly better," the spokesman said.

"And thousands of children have achieved A grades in coursework and in the final award."

Angry e-mails

The dispute over coursework marking, which is subject to an official investigation this week, has sparked large numbers of angry e-mails from teachers, pupils and parents.

These have shown many similar stories from students who have scored very high marks on every section apart from coursework - which has been awarded very low grades.

And there have been suggestions that there were problems with coursework from last year.

James Blythe, now a student at Oxford, was given a D grade for coursework in his history A-level last year - in contrast to much higher marks for other parts of the exam.

But the leader of a teachers' union, and former history teacher, Eamonn O'Kane, who has looked at this coursework, says that this mark does not reflect the quality of the work.

Again, with the caution that exams taken in isolation cannot be easily assessed, he says that a D grade is much too low - and he suggests that a B might be more appropriate.

With concerns mounting about A-level grades, he says that he is worried about the problems faced by young people caught up in this dispute.

"I'm very concerned that individual pupils will suffer as a result of this," said Mr O'Kane, general secretary of the National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers.

And if there have been attempts to toughen the marking to compensate for too many students getting top grades in the AS and A2 system, he says this should not be at the expense of individual pupils.

Have you had problems with A-level results? Tell us your experiences using the form below

Disclaimer: The BBC will put up as many of your comments as possible but we cannot guarantee that all e-mails will be published. The BBC reserves the right to edit comments that are published.